This report examines the progress made by the G20 countries in their transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient economies and addresses the need for a just transition.
Economic diversification/restructuring > Economic development plans, Industry and/or sector assistance or plans
Employment > Job creation and/or equality, Skills, Social protections
Government intervention > Regulation
Social and/or cultural impacts > Other
Jan Burck, Jasmin Cantzler, Guy Cunliffe, Lena Donat, Sofia Gonzales-Zuñiga, Bill Hare, Niklas Höhne, Jiang Kejun, Gerd Leipold, Karan Mangotra, Enrique Maurtua Konstantinidis, Alexandre Magnan, Andrew Marquard, Bryce McCall, Yuji Mizuno, Erina Mursanti, Leonie Neier, Gereon tho Pesch, Hannah Schindler, Thomas Spencer, Fabby Tumiwa, Lola Vallejo, Leah Worrall, Charlene Watson, Shelagh Whitley, William Wills, Harald Winkler, Jorge Villarreal, Akihisa Kuriyama
This report from Climate Transparency reviews climate actions by the Group of Twenty (G20) states, assessing their transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient economies. The report questions whether the G20 countries are on track to meet Paris Agreement goals, documenting leaders and laggards.
The report finds that current Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) would lead to a global temperature increase of around 3.2 degrees Celsius. The authors outline the progress made by G20 countries since the Paris Agreement based on several decarbonization indicators. They criticize nearly all G20 countries for not implementing climate mitigation policies more aggressively, calling on them to institute a 50% emissions cut by 2030 to reach Paris Agreement goals.
The report analyzes several just transition initiatives in G20 countries to identify lessons learned. In Canada, for example, a federal task force developed a just transition plan for coal workers and communities, and the Chinese government seeks to allocate $4.5 billion over the next three years to support the closure of small coal mines. Australia, on the other hand, negotiated a comprehensive agreement with the Victoria government and three privately owned power stations to reduce job losses rather than manage their effects.
Report/Case Study; Guidelines, Strategies and Recommendations
This report addresses the challenges and opportunities associated with Mexico’s climate change mitigation targets and offers recommendations to incorporate social and environmental dimensions into the policymaking process.
Government intervention > Carbon pricing, Regulation
Inequality and/or poverty > Other
Investment > Stranded assets
Social and/or cultural impacts > Other
energy generation costs
social dimension of energy systems
energy sector governance
Carlos Torrnel, Mariana Gutiérrez, Jorge Villarreal
Climate Transparency, Iniciativa Climática de México (ICM)
Inter-governmental/international organization, Non-profit organization/civil society organization
This report examines Mexico’s energy transition and its associated challenges and opportunities. The energy transition is largely driven by efforts to achieve the climate change mitigation targets outlined in Mexico’s nationally determined contributions under the Paris Agreement, reduce electricity-generation costs, and address the social and environmental inequalities of the current energy system. The authors seek to broaden the scope of the discourse on energy transitions and incorporate social and environmental dimensions in the decision-making process.
The paper urges policymakers to incorporate mechanisms for participation, consultation, and co-design of the policies. The authors criticize the lack of social inclusion in policy reforms so far and provide recommendations for future social inclusion through engagement with local governments. While acknowledging that the energy transition will inevitably result in winners and losers, the authors make a series of policy recommendations to help the Mexican government reach its climate change mitigation goals in a fair way, including by creating socially inclusive spaces to allow participation in the energy sector, especially at the local level.