The report takes a broad look at the enabling environment for just transitions in the energy sector in BRICS and the Next 11 countries through a framework that considers the macroeconomic and energy sector conditions, employment policies, and social structures in these countries.
The report finds that employment policies that exist across the countries, while key to economic growth, are often disconnected from the energy transition and wider macroeconomic planning. While the authors briefly map out the stakeholder base involved in just transitions in the energy sector, the report focuses on the role played by the government, businesses, and workers. The report posits the key role that state-owned enterprises (SEOs) have to play in enabling a just transition and identifies the absence of engagement platforms as a hindrance to effective dialogue.
The report applies a framework that uses transition indicators to broadly illustrate each country’s level of readiness for a just transition. However, the effectiveness of the indicators in representing procedural justice and inclusion issues will have to be assessed further.