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What is "Just Transition"?

Supporting Women Farmers in a Changing Climate: Five Policy Lessons

This policy brief outlines five recommendations for engaging women farmers in dealing with and mitigating climate change.


This policy brief identifies current struggles associated with women farmers experiencing a changing climate, offers solutions to enhance their inclusion in formulating strategies for adaptation and mitigation, and provides examples of positive outcomes.

In the developing world, four-fifths of employed women work in agriculture, and a growing number of women are involved in agriculture as men abandon rural areas to find work in urban centers. Yet many women farmers have less access than men to resources for improving crop yields, including irrigation technology and climate information systems. Women are also more frequently left out of agricultural decision-making or policy processes. This brief offers five recommendations: new technologies must be appropriate to women’s resources and demands; extension and climate information services need to serve women and men; institutions must address women’s priorities; women’s innovation processes need to be recognized and supported; and policymaking processes must include women’s voices.

The authors suggest that gender dimensions should be included as qualifying criteria to access international funding from sources such as the Clean Development Mechanism and the Green Climate Fund. They also suggest that monitoring and evaluation programs incorporate gender indicators that emphasize not only women’s participation in climate change processes but their active engagement in designing projects and monitoring impacts.

Actions to Transform Food Systems under Climate Change

This report identifies the current failures of the global food system and defines four areas in which it can be transformed to meet food and nutritional demands and combat climate change.


“This report identifies the current failures of global food systems in eliminating food insecurity, providing nutritious food, and mitigating climate change. The global food system is currently a major contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and fails to provide an adequate pathway to meet the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.

To correct these food system failures, the authors recommend 11 transformative actions across four distinct categories: rerouting farming practices to eliminate GHG emissions and increase female and youth participation; de-risking farm livelihoods to increase resiliency against variable weather and extreme events; reducing emissions through dietary shifts and reductions in food waste; and realigning policies and finance to support social movements and spur innovation.

The costs of not reforming global food systems include increased food and nutrition insecurity, decreased smallholder participation, increased rural poverty, increased gender disparities and social inclusion, lost opportunities for rural youth, increased sensitivity to changing climate and extreme weather events, and loss of biodiversity.”